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Songwriting and Recording: EQ and Frequency Isolation

Updated: May 1

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"NIKK MAY: PRIVATE STUDIO FOR VOICE | PIANO | GUITAR is a fusion of vocal coaching, voice (singing) lessons, piano lessons, guitar lessons, songwriting/composition, and music collaboration, combined with a deep inspiration to help students and artists in the most effective and meaningful ways possible."


The Value Of EQ

Music recording is an art that requires expertise and precision to achieve the desired sound quality. One of the critical aspects of music production is the use of EQ and frequency isolation. EQ is the process of adjusting the balance between different frequency components in an audio signal, while frequency isolation refers to the separation of specific frequency ranges from other elements in a mix. In this post, we'll take a look at how to best use EQ and frequency isolation for different tracks when recording music.


Bass Track

The first track we'll discuss is the bass track. Bass is a fundamental component of any music track, and it is essential to get it right. The best way to use EQ for a bass track is to remove any unnecessary frequencies that could muddy up the mix. Low cut filters are useful in removing any low-end rumble and allowing the bass to sit comfortably in the mix. It's also crucial to boost the frequency range that will bring out the bass's character, typically between 80-150 Hz. This frequency range brings out the warmth and punch of the bass, giving it a more prominent presence in the mix.


Vocal Track

The next track is the vocal track, which is the centerpiece of any music track. When it comes to using EQ on a vocal track, the goal is to make it sound clear and present in the mix. Boosting frequencies between 2 kHz and 5 kHz will bring out the vocals' clarity and help them cut through the mix. However, it's important to be cautious not to overdo the EQ, as this can result in a harsh or brittle sound. Additionally, it's crucial to remove any unwanted frequencies in the vocal track, such as low-end rumble or high-end hiss.


Guitar Track

The guitar track is another essential component of any music track, and it's crucial to get it right. The best way to use EQ for a guitar track is to enhance the guitar's character and tone. Boosting frequencies between 2 kHz and 5 kHz will bring out the guitar's presence and help it cut through the mix. Cutting frequencies between 100 Hz and 250 Hz can remove any muddiness or unwanted bass frequencies that may be competing with the bass track. Finally, rolling off high frequencies above 10 kHz can remove any unwanted hiss or noise from the guitar track.


Drum Track

Drums are the backbone of any music track, and getting the drum sound right is just as important. When it comes to using EQ for drum tracks, make sure to pay attention to each drum element's frequency range. For example, boosting frequencies between 50 Hz and 100 Hz can bring out the kick drum's low-end thump, while boosting frequencies between 2 kHz and 4 kHz can bring out the snare drum's crack. Additionally, it's good practice to remove any unwanted frequencies in each drum element, such as low-end rumble or high-end hiss.


Piano Track

When it comes to the piano track, the goal is to make it sound full and rich. Boosting frequencies between 500 Hz and 1 kHz can bring out the piano's midrange, while boosting frequencies between 2 kHz and 4 kHz can bring out its upper harmonics, adding brightness and clarity to the sound. Finally, rolling off high frequencies above 10 kHz can remove any unwanted hiss or noise from the piano track.


Final Notes

EQ and frequency isolation are essential tools for achieving the desired sound quality in music recording. When using EQ, it's important to pay attention to each track's frequency range and to remove any unwanted frequencies. Frequency isolation can also help to separate specific frequency ranges from other elements in the mix. By following these guidelines for different tracks, you can create a mix that is balanced, clear, and full of character.


Feel free to leave a comment below, share your thoughts or even something you're working on. Happy music-making!


Nikk May

Private Studio for Voice | Piano | Guitar


Singer/Musician/Songwriter/Producer

Studio: Vocal | Piano | Guitar

Performance | Songwriting | Recording | Composition


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